All dating lesotho
It lies between latitudes 28 degrees and 31 degrees south and longitudes 27 degrees and 30 degrees east.
The lowlands in the west and south rise from forty-five hundred feet (fifteen-hundred meters) to the highlands of the Maluti and Drakensberg mountain ranges whose highest point, Thabana Ntlenyana, is approximately 10,400 feet (thirty-five hundred meters).
A wealth of rivers and waterfalls makes Lesotho valuable to the surrounding arid industrial areas of South Africa.
The soils are poor, a result of over-grazing, over-cropping, and serious erosion, with only one-eighth of the land being arable. The population of Lesotho, in 1998, was estimated to be 2,089,289 with a growth rate of 1.9 percent.
English is the second official language, dating back to 1868 when Lesotho was placed under the British for protection against South African aggression. Picturesque villages, herdboys with their flocks, men on horseback, and women wearing the national dress of Moshoeshoe depicted in the angora wool wall hangings and rugs of Basotho fame.
The Basotho hat, a conical woven hat with a distinctive topknot, is a symbol of Lesotho's unification.
Everywhere in Lesotho one will see the small, sturdy Sotho pony, adept at negotiating the steep mountains and gullies and indispensable for carrying the grain to the mill for grinding.Moshoeshoe II, great-grandson of Moshoeshoe I, was installed as king and head of state, and Leabua Jonathan served as prime minister and head of government.Although Lesotho has undergone politic strife and change during the past thirty years, the Basotho are bonded by a deep reverence for the royal family and a fierce determination to remain an independent nation. Lesotho is a very homogenous nation, both in terms of the ethnic makeup of its population as well as religion and culture.The highlands are sparsely populated with most of the administrative headquarters and towns located in the lowlands area. Sesotho, or Southern Sotho, is spoken in Lesotho as well as in parts of South Africa.Sesotho was one of the first African languages to develop a written form and it has an extensive literature. The spectacular scenery of Lesotho's rugged mountains, massive gullies (called dongas ), and sparkling waterfalls create a tourist's dream destination.