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Envoys were trained and conditioned to transfer from planet to planet and into new bodies without the disorienting effects of needlecasting, meaning they could be combat-ready within moments. But Takeshi later got even better training after he joined an uprising against the Protectorate, led by a rebel named Quellcrist Falconer, that sought to prevent a future in which immortality became available only to the super rich.To give them an edge against numerically superior forces, Falconer trained defectors like Takeshi as well as new Envoys to use several additional capabilities: not only could they needlecast between planets and be ready to fight almost immediately, they could withstand torture, and heighten their perceptions through pattern recognition and other techniques.The world of “Altered Carbon” has quite a few weird concepts with tough-to-remember names, and it can be easy to miss key explanations if you’re not paying close attention.For example: why protagonist Takeshi Kovacs (Joel Kinnaman in the show’s “present,” Will Yun Lee in flashbacks) has seemingly superhuman fighting abilities.Also Read: ' Altered Carbon': Are People in the Future Actually Immortal, and What Are Stacks?Falconer and her Envoys lost their war, despite being “the most formidable fighting force the galaxy has ever known,” as Laurens Bancroft (James Purefoy) put it.Although the time at which any individual atom will decay cannot be forecast, the time in which any given percentage of a sample will decay can be calculated to varying degrees of accuracy.

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The half-life , specific to each nuclide, can be accurately measured on a pure sample, and is known to be independent of the chemical composition of the sample, temperature and pressure.This is consistent with the assumption that each decay event is independent and its chance does not vary over time.The solution is: where is the half-life of the element, is the time expired since the sample contained the initial number atoms of the nuclide, and is the remaining amount of the nuclide.In the future depicted on “Altered Carbon,” humanity has spread from Earth to multiple planets.Originally, manned space travel was so costly and time-consuming as to be essentially impossible.

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