Dating antique axe heads
While some started as detailed images time often resulted in simplification. Like many axe manufacturers, Plumb marked certain goods with labels that were sold to the retailers as “second” quality and even "third" quality.Some of the labels associated as “second” and "third" quality were offered by some hardware concerns as independent manufacturers thereby permitting retailers the option to sell them at a slightly more competitive price.
This frequently was the result of Patent Office practices and Copyright Laws. and later provided through the Shapleigh Hardware Co.
It was marketed in the US and Australia and possibly other places such as New Zealand.
Axes with a star mark as well as some other symbol markings on some examples suggests they were made for the export and possibly the Australian market. Two years later he formed a partnership with an established hammer manufacturer by the name of Jonathan Yerkes. Plumb bought half of the existing firm of Jonathan Yerkes.
Many of the etched hatchets and axes were sold through major hardware wholesalers but a significant number of the Plumb made tools were not marked as such. Less known are axes and hatchets with special etchings.
Plumb provided presentation pieces and produced commemorative tools as well as what were considered advertising goods. Plumb labels were modifications of those previously used by Yerkes & Plumb and at the time all were still being used.