Dating the gospel of matthew
Similarity of style and wording exists between many parallel accounts (e.g., the healing of the leper (Mt. Central to this solution is Marcan priority, and its use by Matthew and Luke. It is called the “Lord’s own city” in Matthew 9:1 d.If Mark was not first, then another solution must be sought b. It is spoken against in the Lord’s denunciation of the cities which where he had ministered with no positive response 6. He associates the publicans with sinners and tax collectors ; ; -32 c.This means that Matthew used Mark, Q, and M as his main sources e. He desires to teach the commandments of Jesus by recording five major discourses throughout the book E.This means that Luke used Mark, Q, and L as his main sources f. He desired to demonstrate the reason the message moved from the Jews to the Gentiles (their apathy and rejection of the King F.Others understand “Q” to be a stream of tradition including both written and oral accounts to which Matthew and Luke had access (Bock) e. Even though the parallels of “Mark” in Matthew and Luke are striking, it is entirely possible that they are using a similar source which Mark used (Ur-Mark/pre-Marcan) C.
These manuscripts are dated between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries.
There are many similarities between the gospel accounts: a. Similarities in two gospels only: 1) Some accounts in all three Gospels are more similar in two gospel accounts than with a third account 2) Matthew and Luke contain a considerable amount of material common to both but omitted from Mark (especially in the teaching of Jesus) [e.g., Matt. Many points of detail have differences of arrangement and vocabulary between the gospel accounts 1) Little verbal similarity 2) Different historical settings b. It is mentioned in a matter of fact manner in 8:5; b.
Similarity of arrangement: baptism, temptation, public ministry in Galilee, Peter’s confession as turning point, last journey to Jerusalem, trial, crucifixion, resurrection b. Each of the three gospel accounts has certain sections peculiar to it--especially in Matthew and Luke (e.g., the birth narratives) C. One solution is the two source theory: the similarities lie in the theory that Mark was the first Gospel which Luke and Matthew used as a source, and that there was also a common source called “Q” which accounts for non-Marcan similarities between Matthew and Luke (documentary hypothesis/Mark-Q) a. It is given an extended description and identified with the fulfillment of prophecy in Matthew ff c.
“Q” is an abbreviation for the German term for “source” () c. It is possible that Matthew did not attach his name to the Gospel because he was a humble man a. He does not record the stories which might exalt himself as Luke does (that of the Pharisee and the publican [Luke 18:9-14], or that of Zacchaeus [Luke 19:1-10]) A.
“Q” is most often understood to be the non-Marcan material which is common in Matthew and Luke d. He continually calls himself a tax collector unlike Mark and Luke (Matthew 9:9; 10:3; cf. Mark was considered to be an abstract of Matthew from Augustine until the early part of the nineteenth century B.