Amenhotep II's inscriptions, therefore, suggest a probable date and names of kings associated with its creation.Amenhotep II's son, prince Thutmose, fell asleep one night near the Sphinx and had a dream in which the statue spoke to him complaining of its state and how the sand pressed upon it.In 2012 CE, in fact, clerics associated with the taliban called for the destruction of the Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza for this reason.The Giza plateau in antiquity was vastly different in appearance to how it is in the present day.The claims of some of these writers, such as Zechariah Sitchin and Erich von Daniken, have long been discredited by scholarship in the field, and those of more recent writers on the subject are routinely ignored or claimed to be irrelevant or incorrect.
Water was abundant and underground aquifers are still, as evidenced by the difficulties Zahi Hawass and his team had in exploring the Osiris Shaft of the Great Pyramid in 1999 CE due to the high water table. 15,000 BCE, and though it became less so in time, the area was still quite fertile at the time of the 4th Dynasty. 2670 BCE) had already built his famous Step Pyramid and complex at Saqqara while, at Giza, there were only mastaba tombs. 2613-2589 BCE) perfected the art of pyramid building through his work on the Meidum Pyramid, Bent Pyramid, and Red Pyramid.It is the very embodiment of antiquity and mystery itself.Over the centuries it has fired the imaginations of poets and scientists, adventurers and travelers.Although it has often been measured, described, investigated using the most up-to-date scientific technical means, and discussed at special scientific conferences, fundamental questions remain unanswered: Who built it, when, and why?(234) There have been many theories put forth in attempts to answer these questions, but few satisfy all three or are universally agreed on.